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Water Hardness in New York Cities

Water hardness, which primarily refers to the concentration of dissolved substances such as calcium and magnesium, can exhibit notable variation across New York. Located in the northeastern region of the U.S., New York often portrays diverse water hardness levels, unlike regions such as the Midwest that are known to have higher hardness levels.

Specifically looking at New York, the hardness measurements collected from various towns and cities suggest a trend towards low to moderate hardness levels, compared to the national average. Consequently, New York’s water is mostly classified under the ‘soft to moderately hard’ bracket. This trait has important implications for the taste of the water and the effectiveness of cleaning agents like soaps and detergents. It should be highlighted that these hardness levels are subject to changes and can fluctuate depending on local geological conditions and variations in water sources.

The cities outlined in this dataset showcase a broad spectrum of hardness levels in their water supplies, as measured in Parts Per Million (ppm) and Grains Per Gallon (gpg). Cities like Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse are witness to high hardness levels, going beyond 90 ppm (5.26 gpg). On the flip side, the hardness level in cities like New Rochelle, Freeport, and Dobbs Ferry is comparatively lower, beneath 36 ppm (2.10 gpg). Meanwhile, many cities, including Yonkers, Schenectady, and Utica, have not submitted any data pertaining to the hardness of their water sources.

CityHardness ppm (mg/L)Hardness gpgInformation SourceNotes
New York24.01.4Link
Buffalo99.25.8Link
Rochester283.017.0Link
Yonkersn/an/aLinkAlkalinity Only
Syracuse128.07.5Link
Albany53.03.1Link
New Rochelle6.00.4LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Mount Vernon6.90.4LinkTook average of listed range
Schenectadyn/an/aLink
Utican/an/aLink
White Plainsn/an/aLink
Hempstead43.32.5LinkTook average of range
Troy60.53.5Link
Niagara Fallsn/an/aLinkAlkalinity Only
Binghamton50.02.9Link
Freeport4.30.2Link
Valley Stream67.33.9LinkCovered by Western Nassau Water Authority
Kiryas Joeln/an/aLinkNot covered by county, no CCR on website
Long Beach34.72.0Link
Spring Valley159.09.3LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Romen/an/aLink
Poughkeepsie72.74.3Link
Ithaca131.07.7Link
Port Chester35.02.0Link
Middletownn/an/aLink
North Tonawandan/an/aLink
Newburghn/an/aLink
Harrisonn/an/aLinkCovered by Westchester Joint Waterworks
Jamestownn/an/aLink
Saratoga Springsn/an/aLinkAlkalinity only
Glen Cove45.62.7Link
Ossiningn/an/aLinkAlkalinity only
Lindenhurst37.12.2LinkCovered by Suffolk County Water Authority Dist 1
Auburn120.07.0Link
Elmiran/an/aLinkAlkalinity only
Rockville Centre7.50.4Link
Peekskilln/an/aLink
Watertownn/an/aLink
Kingstonn/an/aLink
Garden City28.31.7LinkAvgerage of range
Mineola23.01.3LinkAvgerage of range
Lockportn/an/aLinkAlkalinity only
Lynbrook15.30.9Link
Plattsburghn/an/aLink
Mamaroneckn/an/aLinkCovered by Westchester Joint Waterworks
Lackawanna99.25.8LinkCovered by Buffalo per EPA CCR lookup site
Amsterdamn/an/aLink
Cohoesn/an/aLink
Scarsdalen/an/aLink
Cortlandn/an/aLink
Oswegon/an/aLink
Massapequa Park3.60.2Link
Rye35.02.0LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Floral Park67.33.9LinkCovered by Western Nassau Water Authority
Westbury33.52.0LinkAvgerage of range
Batavia14.60.9LinkAs Calcium
Johnson Cityn/an/aLink
Kenmore34.92.0LinkCovered by Tonawanda
Gloversvillen/an/aLink
Depew99.25.8LinkCovered by Buffalo per EPA CCR lookup site
Tonawanda34.92.0LinkAs Calcium
Glens Fallsn/an/aLink
Oleann/an/aLink
Beaconn/an/aLink
Endicottn/an/aLink
Dunkirkn/an/aLink
Oneontan/an/aLink
Genevan/an/aLink
Patchogue37.12.2LinkCovered by Suffolk County Water Authority Dist 1
Haverstraw159.09.3LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Babylon37.12.2LinkCovered by Suffolk County Water Authority Dist 1
Tarrytown5.70.3LinkAs Calcium
Woodburyn/an/aLink
Dobbs Ferry6.00.4LinkAs calcium
Suffern140.08.2Link
Fultonn/an/aLink
Great Neck61.53.6LinkTook average of listed range
Lake Grove69.84.1LinkCovered by Suffolk County Water Authority Dist 12
Sleepy Hollown/an/aLink
Mount Kiscon/an/aLink
Corningn/an/aLink
West Haverstraw159.09.3LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Canandaiguan/an/aLinkAlkalinity only
Chestnut Ridge159.09.3LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Oneida14.00.8Link
Watervlietn/an/aLink
New Hyde Park67.33.9LinkCovered by Western Nassau Water Authority
Massenan/an/aLink
East Rockaway21.31.2LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Airmont159.09.3LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Ogdensburgn/an/aLink
Lancaster99.25.8LinkCovered by Buffalo per EPA CCR lookup site
Rye Brook35.02.0LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Fredonian/an/aLink
Hamburg99.25.8LinkCovered by Buffalo per EPA CCR lookup site
New Square159.09.3LinkVia Zipcode lookup
Monroen/an/aLink
Amityville37.12.2LinkCovered by Suffolk County Water Authority Dist 1
Rensselaern/an/aLinkDoesn’t cover private wells
Newarkn/an/aLink
Top 100 New York cities by population and their reported water hardness
ppm = Parts Per Million
mg/L = Milligrams Per Liter
gpg = Grains Per Gallon

Hard water can cause issues such as mineral buildup in plumbing and appliances, reduce the efficacy of soaps and detergents, and affect the taste of the water. A tried and true solution is the use of a water softener. A water softener, like the ones from DROP, could be a worthwhile investment.

These devices work by replacing the calcium and magnesium ions that cause hardness with sodium ions, resulting in softer water. With innovative features, easy installation, and efficient operation, DROP smart water softeners provide a solution to hard water issues, extending the lifespan of appliances, improving water taste, enhancing soap effectiveness, reducing scale build-up, and increasing the overall water efficiency in your home.

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