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Water Hardness in Virginia Cities

Water hardness, a measure mainly indicating the concentration of dissolved substances like calcium and magnesium, can substantially vary across Virginia. Virginia, located on the eastern coast of the U.S., often sees an array of water hardness levels, unlike regions including the Midwest that typically exhibit elevated hardness levels.

Specifically within Virginia, the hardness assessments gathered from different towns and cities imply a pattern of low to moderate hardness levels, in contrast to the national average. As a result, Virginia’s water generally falls under the ‘soft to moderately hard’ category. This characteristic significantly impacts the taste of the water and the efficacy of cleaning substances such as soaps and detergents. It’s worth noting that these hardness levels can change and may vary based on local geological conditions and differences in water sources.

The data shows a diverse range of water hardness levels across various cities, measured in Parts Per Million (ppm) and Grains Per Gallon (gpg). Cities such as Williamsburg, Salem, and Dumfries exhibit high water hardness, exceeding 90 ppm, 5.26 gpg. Conversely, cities like Chesapeake, Suffolk, and Danville have relatively low water hardness levels, falling below 36 ppm, 2.10 gpg. However, several cities such as Lynchburg, Leesburg, and Blacksburg have not provided any information regarding the hardness of their water supplies.

CityHardness ppm (mg/L)Hardness gpgInformation SourceNotes
Virginia Beach58.03.4Link
Chesapeake33.52.0LinkAverage of range
Norfolk49.02.9Link
Richmond65.03.8Link
Newport News61.03.6Link
Alexandria125.57.3LinkAverage of range
Hampton61.03.6LinkCovered by Newport News
Roanoke46.02.7LinkPage 13 for Roanoke hardness
Portsmouth21.01.2Link
Suffolk25.01.5Link
Lynchburgn/an/aLink
Harrisonburg60.03.5LinkAverage of range
Leesburgn/an/aLinkLoudon County
Charlottesville35.02.0Link
Blacksburgn/an/aLink
Manassas61.03.6Link
Danville31.01.8Link
Petersburgn/an/aLink
Fredericksburg32.01.9Link
Winchestern/an/aLink
Staunton110.06.4Link
Salem161.09.4LinkCity of Salem page 17
Herndonn/an/aLinkCovered by Fairfax Water
Fairfaxn/an/aLink
Hopewell88.45.2Link
Christiansburgn/an/aLink
Waynesboron/an/aLink
Culpepern/an/aLink
Colonial Heightsn/an/aLink
Bristoln/an/aLink
Manassas Park61.03.6LinkPurchases from Manassas City
Radfordn/an/aLink
Vienna125.07.3LinkAverage of range
Williamsburg133.07.8Link
Front Royaln/an/aLinkSays they test for hardness but doesn’t provide value in report
Falls Churchn/an/aLinkCovered by Fairfax Water
Martinsvillen/an/aLinkMentions the water plant adds hardness but doesn’t give value
Poquoson61.03.6LinkCovered by Newport News
Warrentonn/an/aLink
Purcellvillen/an/aLink
Pulaskin/an/aLink
Smithfieldn/an/aLink
Abingdonn/an/aLinkCovered under Washington County
Wythevillen/an/aLink
Franklin88.05.1LinkFranklin County page 31
Vintonn/an/aLink
South Bostonn/an/aLinkCovered by Halifax County Service Authority
Ashlandn/an/aLinkCovered by Hanover County
Lexingtonn/an/aLink
Farmvillen/an/aLink
Strasburgn/an/aLink
Galaxn/an/aLink
Bedford26.01.5Link
Buena Vistan/an/aLink
Bridgewatern/an/aLink
Woodstockn/an/aLink
Marionn/an/aLinkCovered by Smyth County
Covingtonn/an/aLink
Dumfries90.05.3LinkPart of the “East” system in Prince Edwards County
Emporian/an/aLink
Richlandsn/an/aLink
Big Stone Gapn/an/aLink
Orangen/an/aLink
Bluefieldn/an/aLink
Rocky Mountn/an/aLink
Lurayn/an/aLink
South Hilln/an/aLink
Berryvillen/an/aLink
Tazewelln/an/aLink
Broadwayn/an/aLink
Colonial Beachn/an/aLink
Nortonn/an/aLink
Clifton Forgen/an/aLink
West Pointn/an/aLink
Altavistan/an/aLink
Blackstonen/an/aLink
Chincoteaguen/an/aLink
Lebanonn/an/aLinkCovered by Big Cedar Creek Water Plant for Washington County
Timbervillen/an/aLink
Elktonn/an/aLink
Grottoesn/an/aLink
Wisen/an/aLink
Hillsvillen/an/aLink
Pearisburgn/an/aLinkDoc on Town Website seems to cut off before the CCR report, only covers cross connection
Windsorn/an/aLink
Lovettsvillen/an/aLink
Dublinn/an/aLinkPurchases from Radford
Shenandoahn/an/aLink
Crewen/an/aLink
Tappahannock30.2LinkVia Zip Lookup
New Marketn/an/aLink
Amherstn/an/aLink
Stephens City324.018.9LinkSupplies to Frederick Water
Louisan/an/aLink
Narrowsn/an/aLink
Chase Cityn/an/aLink
Gate Cityn/an/aLink
Mount Jacksonn/an/aLink
Appomattoxn/an/aLink
Waverlyn/an/aLink
Top 100 Virginia cities by population and their reported water hardness
ppm = Parts Per Million
mg/L = Milligrams Per Liter
gpg = Grains Per Gallon

Hard water can cause issues such as mineral buildup in plumbing and appliances, reduce the efficacy of soaps and detergents, and affect the taste of the water. A tried and true solution is the use of a water softener. A water softener, like the ones from DROP, could be a worthwhile investment.

These devices work by replacing the calcium and magnesium ions that cause hardness with sodium ions, resulting in softer water. With innovative features, easy installation, and efficient operation, DROP smart water softeners provide a solution to hard water issues, extending the lifespan of appliances, improving water taste, enhancing soap effectiveness, reducing scale build-up, and increasing the overall water efficiency in your home.

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